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Outside of workinglife

In the Nordic countries, also those who do not work or study are covered by social security.

Healthcare benefits

In the Nordic countries, all those who are resident (recorded in the national register) are entitled to health care. This means treatment at a public hospital and treatment by a doctor or physiotherapist.

Family benefits

If you live in a Nordic country and are the parent of an underage child, you are normally entitled to child benefit. You may also be entitled to other family benefits. The entitlement usually depends on whether you live in the country permanently or if either caretaker is working. Certain benefits are also granted in connection with childbirth. Legislation and benefits vary in the Nordic countries.


Persons who are resident in a Nordic country earn the right to a residence-based pension. Such pensions are calculated according to how many years you have lived in the country after the age of 16 (15 years in Denmark, the Faroe Islands and Greenland) up to the pensionable age. 40 years provide a full residence-based pension. The pension is payable even if you live in another Nordic country as a pensioner.

There are different age limits for residence-based old-age pensions in the Nordic countries. The retirement age in Denmark, Greenland, Sweden and Finland is 65 years. In Norway, Iceland and the Faroe Islands, the retirement age is 67 years.

If you work in a Nordic country you will also earn the right to a work-related pension.